jan3The “wild” Western Frontier (which was of course already occupied and civilized, but that is another story,) was “settled” by rugged individuals. Male individuals who panned for gold, traded their skills and services, and otherwise managed to survive and thrive under the harshest conditions with nothing their twenty first century great grandchildren would recognize as an “amenity.” These rugged male individuals eventually figured out it takes two (or more) genders to build a society.

Women arriving in this new world had few options for making a life. Trade licenses and property ownership were becoming legally available to women slowly on a state-by-state basis across the West in the 19th century. It would be generations before they could vote. A century or more before their great great granddaughters could have a credit card. Or a no-fault divorce. Or employment protections. Or the right to decline sex with their husbands. Or the right to breastfeed in public. In 2017, we’re still waiting for things like equal pay for equal work.

Hence, the world’s oldest profession. Prostitution.

Historian Jan Mackell Collins has written several books plus literally thousands of articles on the history of the West, with a special attention for the women and prostitutes that helped shape the modern America we know.

In books like  “The Wild Women of Prescott Arizona,” and “The Lost Ghost Towns of Teller County (Colorado),” Collins busts the technicolor movie image of the loud and proud town prostitute bustling about the saloons in scandalous exposed cleavage and ruffles. Despite a number of successful entrepreneurs who became business owners and community builders, many workaday ladies had a difficult job that was dangerous and stigmatized.

Collins cites her early fascination, enhanced by family camping trips to ghost towns and other historical sites, with her own elder family members’ personal stories of their experiences living and working (not necessarily, Collins emphasizes, as prostitutes!) on the Western American frontier.

To listen to and/or download this segment, click the following link: Emma Breacain and Jan MacKell Collins 3-20-17


ELEANOR and HICK, The Love Affair That Shaped a First Lady


“The love affair between first lady Eleanor Roosevelt and journalist Lorena “Hick” Hickok has never been treated with as much care or attention as in Susan Quinn’s Eleanor and Hick. Here, Quinn deftly traces the dissimilar but converging paths of these two complex women and gives new life to their intimate, dynamic relationship, against a backdrop of tremendous social upheaval.”— NPR.org, Best Books of 2016

Eleanor Roosevelt was a reluctant president’s wife. A.P. Journalist Lorena Hickok helped her by becoming a confidante, supporter and amorous partner. Author Susan Quinn talks about her research, going through hundreds of pictures and stories and thousands of love letters. She portrays a juicy tale of a long lasting relationship for the ages.




A warm, intimate account of the love between Eleanor Roosevelt and reporter Lorena Hickok—a relationship that, over more than three decades, transformed both women’s lives and empowered them to play significant roles in one of the most tumultuous periods in American history

LORENA HICKOK (dailymail)


In 1932, as her husband assumed the presidency, Eleanor Roosevelt entered the claustrophobic, duty-bound existence of the First Lady with dread. By that time, she had put her deep disappointment in her marriage behind her and developed an independent life—now threatened by the public role she would be forced to play. A lifeline came to her in the form of a feisty campaign reporter for the Associated Press: Lorena Hickok. Over the next thirty years, until Eleanor’s death, the two women carried on an extraordinary relationship: They were, at different points, lovers, confidantes, professional advisors, and caring friends.

They couldn’t have been more different. Eleanor had been raised in one of the nation’s most powerful political families and was introduced to society as a debutante before marrying her distant cousin, Franklin. Hick, as she was known, had grown up poor in rural South Dakota and worked as a servant girl after she escaped an abusive home, eventually becoming one of the most respected reporters at the AP. Her admiration drew the buttoned-up Eleanor out of her shell, and the two quickly fell in love. For the next thirteen years, Hick had her own room at the White House, next door to the First Lady.


These fiercely compassionate women inspired each other to right the wrongs of the turbulent era in which they lived. During the Depression, Hick reported from the nation’s poorest areas for the WPA, and Eleanor used these reports to lobby her husband for New Deal programs. Hick encouraged Eleanor to turn their frequent letters into her popular and long-lasting syndicated column “My Day,” and to befriend the female journalists who became her champions. When Eleanor’s tenure as First Lady ended with FDR’s death, Hick pushed her to continue to use her popularity for good—advice Eleanor took by leading the UN’s postwar Human Rights Commission. At every turn, the bond these women shared was grounded in their determination to better their troubled world.
Deeply researched and told with great warmth, Eleanor and Hick is a vivid portrait of love and a revealing look at how an unlikely romance influenced some of the most consequential years in American history.

Eleanor and her friends during a summer visit to Campobello in 1926.




Susan Quinn is the author of –Furious Improvisation: How the WPA and a Cast of Thousands Made High Art Out of Desperate Times – Marie Curie: A Life – A Mind Of Her Own; The Life Of Karen Horney – among other books. Her work has appeared in The New York Times Magazine, the Atlantic, and other publications. She is the former president of PEN New England and lives outside of Boston, Massachusetts.


To listen to and/or download this segment click the following link:

Brenda Starr interviews Susan Quinn 3-13-17




Dr. Jill Stein lives and breathes the Green Party Platform for People, Planet and Peace Over Profit.

Dr. Stein graduated from Harvard Medical School and spent almost 25 years as a physician and researcher before transitioning into politics and social activism. As a practicing physician, Jill became aware of the links between toxic exposures and illness emerging in the 1990s. She began to fight for a healthy environment as a human right, assisting non profits, community groups and Native Americans combating environmental injustice and racism in dangerous exposures like lead and mercury in air and water pollution, incinerators and land fills, toxic waste sites and more. Her first notable exposure to politics came in 1998 when she participated in the campaign to pass the Clean Elections Law in Massachusetts, a bill designed to reduce the influence of big-money lobbyists and special interest groups by limiting public money from being used to co-finance the political campaigns of candidates who refused to agree to a $100 contribution cap. However, five years later, the bill was repealed by the Democratic-controlled state legislature, a decision which prompted Dr. Stein to break her ties with the Democratic Party.

In 2002 Jill ran for Massachusetts state governor under the banner of the Green-Rainbow Party and finished third in an election of 5 candidates behind Republican Mitt Romney and Democrat Shannon O’Brien.

Dr. Stein’s core political philosophy has always been centered on the environment, renewable energy and campaign finance reform. A cornerstone of her environmental platform is the Green New Deal in which renewable energy jobs would be created to address climate change and environmental issues.  Additionally Jill advocates for racial justice and ending poverty.  She stands for jobs, health care and education as rights for all.  She is a strong supporter of a publicly financed, non-profit single payer health care system.  To break the iron grip that our two major parties have over electoral politics, she advocates for a simple reform called ranked choice voting as the best way of opening politics up to more independent and third party candidates.  How does this work?

How Ranked Choice Voting Works


1. Voters rank candidates in their order of preference (1st, 2nd, 3rd and so on). If a candidate has more than 50% of the first choice votes, s/he wins.

2. If no candidate gets a majority of the #1 votes, then the candidate with the fewest first choices is eliminated.

3. The voters who selected the eliminated candidate as their first choice will then have their votes added to the totals of their second choice.

4. This process continues until a candidate has more than half of the active votes or only two candidates remain.

Under this system, potential voters are empowered and encouraged to come to the polls because there will be more choices of candidates and the individual voter’s ballot will have more impact. In 2018 the state of Maine will implement rank choice voting for Congress, the state legislature and governor. Several cities in the U.S. are already using this system for municipal elections. Ranked-choice voting is used in Ireland and Australia in national elections, and it is used to pick the Oscar nominees for best picture.

To listen to and/or download this segment click the following link: Corinne Frugone talks with Jill Stein

To quote Jill, “It’s time to stop settling for the downward spiral of voting for the lesser evil, and stand up to build a better future by voting for the greater good.”  




The first annual 02F Festival is kicking off March 2nd in the Creamery District. This festival’s aim is to celebrate creative women in our community. The theme of this year’s festival is Zero to Fierce: an opportunity to discover, inspire, and create.

The 02F Festival presents a week of fun, exciting, and provocative activities to inspire our community to work, talk, and play together. It’ll kick off with a revival of the hit production Women of the Northwest followed by a convivial symposium, a vocal improvisation workshop with renown singer Rhiannon, a wild cabaret, an interactive art installation, inspiring panel discussions on health, art, business, activism, and more.

Several roadmaps are offered to guide participants through this one of a kind festival. They proceed along a chosen route following events that speak to Health and Self Care, Home and Family, the Environment, and Activism — a roadmap from Zero to Fierce. From March 2nd-11th, over 50 events will be happening

There will also be workshops and panels on writing, art, yoga, sexuality and motherhood and others.

"Women of the Northwest" 2013 production has been updated for 02F Festival

“Women of the Northwest” 2013 production has been updated for 02F Festival

A revival of the 2013 hit production Women of the Northwest is an investigation into the rich history of women in Humboldt county. Featuring original live music the production is a montage of women’s lives behind the redwood curtain. From female emancipation to prostitution,

and motherhood to adventure, Women of the Northwest explores the choices and challenges of women a hundred years now past. The tales range from comedic to gripping and gritty, as the experiences of female Olympians, immigrants, cross-dressers, bohemians, mothers and schoolmarms are revealed.

The Zero To Fierce Festival is presented by Playhouse Arts. The mission of Playhouse Arts is to use live performance as a tool to build a community that is inspired and empowered to work together for the common good. Arcata Playhouse, The Creamery and Four On The Floor are all associated with Playhouse Arts.street-mural


The Creamery District is a special arts and commerce district surrounding the former California Central Creamery in Arcata, CA.  The Arcata Playhouse spearheaded the effort to create the Creamery District in 2012 and it continues to act as the fiscal sponsor.

Jacqueline Dandeneau, Executive Director of Arcata Playhouse

Jacqueline Dandeneau, Executive Director of Arcata Playhouse

Tammy Rae Scott, Arcata Playhouse Special Programs Coordinator

Tammy Rae Scott, Arcata Playhouse Special Programs Director















FOR MORE INFORMATION GO TO: http://www.zerotofierce.com




To listen to and/or download Brenda’s conversation with Jackie and Tammy click the following link:   






GodsHotel_CVF-200x300In God’s Hotel: a Doctor, a Hospital, and a Pilgrimage to the Heart of Medicine Victoria Sweet raises fundamental questions about the current practice of medicine based on her observations and work for twenty years at Laguna Honda Hospital in San Francisco, the last almshouse in this country. Her book has wonderful portraits of individual patients, whom Sweet came to care about deeply. The time spent with them along with her scholarly research on Hildegard of Bingen, a 12th century nun and healer gradually allowed Victoria to understand the body as a garden to be tended, not just a machine to be fixed.

She believes that modern medicine has superb scientific tools to treat diseases but time constraints and efficiency have piggybacked onto technological progress. Patients may be cured of their diseases, but they are on their own to find their way back to feeling better and balanced. Dr. Sweet maintains that medicine works best when the doctor has enough time to sit, listen and examine. With time, a physician can treat a disease and hopefully contribute towards healing the patient. Dr. Sweet calls this approach “Slow Medicine” and she believes that if this approach became more standard, it would be more satisfying for both patient and doctor as well as less expensive.

She has said that “in the last 20 years, in the interest of efficiency, the time doctors spend with patients has been cut down to the bone. On average they have 10 minutes to spend with a patient, of which three minutes go to the electronic health records. So we basically have seven minutes to spend with a patient. We doctors really want to connect, but by the time the patient gets him or herself on the examining table, we’re down to four minutes. So if I had to summarize in one sentence, I’d say that slow medicine is about having a personal relationship between doctor and patient. I get as much out of it as the patient does. It’s a healing relationship that goes both ways.”

The New York Times calls her ideas “hard-core subversion,” Vanity Fair writes a “radical and compassionate alternative to modern medicine,” and Health Affairs describes Dr. Sweet as a “visionary.”


To listen to and/or download Corinne’s conversation with Dr. Victoria Sweet click the following link: 

eglash_annBreastfeeding should come naturally and easily.  That’s what many new moms think when they first put their newborn to their breast.  Thanks to improved education and awareness more mothers in the U.S. are breastfeeding their babies right after they’re born. But too often tears of frustration are shed as mother and baby take the first steps toward latching and sucking.  And after a few weeks to a few months, too many women stop for many reasons: frustration, time, and most importantly, lack of support.

Dr. Anne Eglash, family doctor and lactation consultant lives in Wisconsin, home of some great cheese. Twenty six years ago, Anne was fully committed to breastfeeding her daughter.  But when she encountered some problems, she could only find a few resources for guidance. With persistence and some serendipity, she did take one of the only courses on lactation available at the time in Los Angeles.  Those first few months of breastfeeding launched Anne’s dedication and passion to not only promote breastfeeding in the United States but to gain an academic understanding behind the science of breastfeeding.  Twenty six  years later, her daughter is in law school  and Anne has become one of the country’s foremost physician experts on breastfeeding. She cofounded the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine, and is the medical director and co-founder of the Mothers’ Milk Bank of the Western Great Lakes. For Anne, it’s not just about the amazing health benefits of breastmilk but nurturing of the bond between mother and baby. benefits-small

Anne and her husband Mitch Rosefelt have started a wonderful non-profit organization called The Milkmob.  The mission of The Milkmob is to build breastfeeding friendly medical systems and communities.  Go to its website and you will find a wealth of information about any questions you may have about breastfeeding and breast-milk. If you want to know more about alcohol or marijuana use and breastfeeding, supplements during breastfeeding, breast-milk banks, introducing solid food to breastfeeding babies, childhood obesity and breastfeeding, pacifiers and breastfeeding, safe sleep and breastfeeding,  and any other questions you can think of, The Milkmob has answers based on sound scientific research and presented in the most practical, engaging and fun manner.  If you are a medical provider or a community educator, The Milkmob offers training courses to become  “breastfeeding champions.”  Take a few minutes to browse the site.  It’s fun and educational.



To listen to and/or download Corinne’s conversation with author Dr. Anne Eglash, click the following link: 20001_tteow-2-13-17_feature



Leslie Bennetts has created a juicy, poignant look at comedy royalty with her new book about Joan Rivers , Last Girl Before Freeway-The Life, Loves, Losses And Liberation Of Joan Rivers.

Joan Rivers was more than a legendary comedian; she was an icon and a role model to millions, a fearless pioneer who left a legacy of expanded opportunity when she died in 2014. Her life was a dramatic roller-coaster of triumphant highs and devastating lows: the suicide of her husband, her feud with Johnny Carson, her estrangement from her daughter, her many plastic surgeries, her ferocious ambition and her massive insecurities. But Rivers’ career was also hugely significant in American cultural history, breaking down barriers for her gender and pushing the boundaries of truth-telling for women in public life.

Leslie Bennetts

Leslie Bennetts

Bennetts writes, “This book is dedicated to everyone who lost love or work or money or success or youth or beauty or hope: may Joan’s indomitable spirit encourage you in your bleakest hours, inspire you to triumph over any odds, and remind you to keep your sense of humor along the way-as it has done for me.”

Leslie Bennetts is also the author of The Feminine Mistake: Are We Giving Up Too Much?, the groundbreaking bestseller that looks at women’s lives and the price they – and their families – pay when they leave the workforce.

For more info you can visit: http://www.Leslie-bennets.com


Late-night icon Johnny Carson gave Joan Rivers her start on "The Tonight Show". (AP)

Late-night icon Johnny Carson gave Joan Rivers her start on “The Tonight Show”. (AP)

Rivers was a "Tonight Show" regular for decades. Here with Betty White. (NBC/NBCU PHOTO BANK VIA GETTY IMAGES)

Rivers was a “Tonight Show” regular for decades. Here with Betty White. (NBC/NBCU PHOTO BANK VIA GETTY IMAGES)

Rivers starred on the E! Network's "Fashion Police" alongside Kelly Osbourne & daughter Melissa. (CHELSEA LAUREN/GETTY IMAGES FOR HYUNDAI)

Rivers starred on the E! Network’s “Fashion Police” alongside Kelly Osbourne & daughter Melissa. (CHELSEA LAUREN/GETTY IMAGES FOR HYUNDAI)












To listen to and/or download Brenda’s conversation with author Leslie Bennetts, click the following link:
































Catholics for Choice is a pro-choice Catholic organization based in Washington, D.C.  Formed in 1973, CFC states that its mission is “to serve as a voice for Catholics who believe that the Catholic tradition supports a woman’s moral and legal right to follow her conscience in matters of sexuality and reproductive health.”

CFC describes its mission “to shape and advance sexual and reproductive ethics that are based on justice, reflect a commitment to women’s well-being and respect and affirm the capacity of women and men to make moral decisions about their lives. CFC works in the United States and internationally to ensure that all people have access to safe and affordable reproductive health-care services and to infuse our core values into public policy, community life and Catholic social teaching and thinking.”

CFC writes that they “are part of the great majority who believes that Catholic teachings on conscience mean that every individual must follow his or her own conscience – and respect others’ right to do the same.”

Jon O’Brien, president of Catholics for Choice has said “The Catholic hierarchy’s powerful lobby plays a huge role in influencing public policy and affects everyone, Catholic or not, by limiting the availability of reproductive health-care services worldwide.”  Pope Francis is now urging “responsible parenthood.” But unlike a majority of Catholics, he is against birth control.

So, is it possible to be a faithful Catholic and support women’s health rights, contraception and abortion?  According to Catholics for Choice, and Katie Breslin, staff member of the organization, it is a matter of “conscience.”   According to O’Brien “The majority of Catholics support the rights of conscience, religious liberty and human dignity for all. We strive to create a world where all women and men are trusted to make moral decisions about their lives.”

Catholics for Choice_Conscience MagazineFor more information about this dedicated organization that helps ordinary Catholics challenge the power of the Catholic hierarchy go to http://www.CatholicsForChoice.org.

To listen to and/or download Corinne’s conversation with Catholics for Choice representative, Katie Breslin, click the following link:    khsuwomen.files.wordpress.com/…/2-16-2015-corinne_catholics-for-choice1.mp3 

WE NEED TO LISTEN ………….says Nancy Ryan as she speaks about her friend

POETRY by RUTH MOUNTAINGROVE is read by Sue Hilton & Pat McCutcheon

Ruth Mountaingrove As Subject At Ovular © PGar And Ruth Mountaingrove Teaching 4X5 At Ovular VI  © PGar

Ruth Mountaingrove As Subject At Ovular © PGar
And Ruth Mountaingrove Teaching 4X5 At Ovular VI  © PGar



When Ruth Was Blue by PGar

“When Ruth Was Blue” © PGar


Ruth Mountaingrove, lesbian-feminist poet, photographer, composer, publisher, musician, playwright, painter, and women’s land pioneer, died peacefully on December 18, 2016, at age 93, at Ida Emmerson Hospice House in Eureka , CA.

Ruth was born Ruth Shook on February 21,1923 in Philadelphia Pennsylvania, daughter of Edith Shelling and Herbert Shook. She attended Kutztown State Teachers College. In 1946 she published her first book of poetry, “Rhythms of Spring” and married Bern Ikeler. They had five children. After her 1965 divorce, she became involved in the early feminist movement, and met her future partner, Jean Mountaingrove.

In 1971 she and two of her children joined Jean at Mountaingrove, an intentional community in rural southern Oregon. Ruth and Jean became central figures in the Southern Oregon women’s land movement, publishing “Womanspirit” Magazine, founding and co-editing “Blatant Image” and organizing “Ovulars.” Ruth’s photographs of this era are archived in the Ruth Mountaingrove Collection, University of Oregon Special Archives.

In 1986 Ruth moved to Arcata, California. She continued her photography and poetry as well as participating in many community activities: Through the Eyes of Women and Women’s Radio Collective on KHSU, the Ink People, Senior News, volunteering at the library, teaching technology to seniors, and serving on the Grand Jury. She earned two masters degrees at Humboldt State, in Art and Photography and in Theater Production and Dramatic Writing, the latter at age 80. She wrote book reviews for the L-Word for 20 years, and continued to participate in her poetry writing group and have creative living room conversations with good friends.

Ruth was predeceased by her son David, and survived by her son Jeffrey Eves Ikeler, daughter Heather Eves Ikeler, and Kim Eves (Donna) Ikeler; grandchildren Jeffrey Daniel Ikeler (Tanya) and Hannah Ikeler, and great-granddaughter Evelyn Grace Ikeler.

During recent illnesses, a circle of committed friends and caregivers helped her stay in her home as long as she could. Ruth especially counted on Sue Hilton, whom she affectionately called her “manager.” The PACE program provided invaluable support, and dealt cheerfully with the complexities of working with our group.
Ruth was creative, funny, inspirational, courageous, encouraging, independent, outspoken, and determined.

A Celebration of Ruth’s Life will be held Sunday Feb 12th at 3 p.m. at Humboldt Unitarian Universalist Fellowship. If you would like to donate on Ruth’s behalf, place contribute to an organization of your choice supporting women or the arts. For further information please contact: suejh@humboldt1.com.

Judy Fjell came to my house in Sacramento, CA  in 1985 and Ruth was visiting. They sang Ruth’s song “Love Comes Love Goes”. by PGar

To listen to and/or download this segment click the following link:  

Ruth's Poetry and Artwork

Ruth’s Poetry and Artwork



We commemorate RUTH MOUNTAINGROVE, one of the Founding Mothers of

Ruth Mountaingrove 1926-2016

Ruth Mountaingrove  1926-2016 (PGar photo)

Through The Eyes Of Women, with an Encore Presentation of a 30th Anniversary special from March 2015. 

With Ruth’s recent passing at the well lived age of 93, her contributions, to Through The Eyes Of Women, KHSU, the Arts & Activists communities and life itself will be celebrated with several shows.

If you would like to contact TTEOW with stories of Ruth Mountaingrove, please email audio & thoughtful memories to tteowproducer@gmail.com


From our TTEOW blogpost: March 2015

Through the Eyes of Women has been on the KHSU airwaves for 30 years.  During the month of March we presented 3 shows-blasts from our past; one each from 1985, 1995 and 2009, along with our anniversary, documentary style show about the history of the show, the women who started it all and those who have kept it going over the years.

Ruth Mountaingrove 2015

Ruth Mountaingrove 2015

Ruth Mountaingrove, Ina Harris and Belle Shalom are the founding mothers of Through the Eyes of Women.  In 1985 they found a new medium for exploring their interests in women’s issues; radio.  Talking with them now, they all credit the other for getting things started; and those of us who have followed in their footsteps are very glad they, collectively, did take the leap. They gave birth to a legacy of women’s empowerment on the KHSU airwaves.  Ruth, Ina and Belle are still active in their communities.  Ruth has just published a new poetry chapbook and is being honored for her activism and creativity by the Humboldt County League of Women voters during their annual State of the Community Luncheon on April 17th, 2015



Ina has spent many years involved in the labor movement.  After leaving TTEOW she produced her own radio show on KHSU, Labor USA, for 3 1/2 years.  Ina was honored for her activism by the Humboldt County League of women Voters in the year 2000

Ina and Noel Harris 2015

Ina and Noel Harris 2015


Belle lives in Bellingham, WA and is active in the Books to Prisoners program and Bellingham’s Human Rights Film Festival.

To listen to and/or download Kathleen Marshall’s presentation of The Herstory Of Through The Eyes Of Women click the following link:


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